Di sale of dis drug for pharmacy dey banned inside Nigeria. As at today di virus wey don kill more dan 9, pipo and infect over , pipo all ova di world. About 86, pipo don also recover. Di virus, wey dem also know as nCoV, na new strain of coronavirus wey dem neva see for humans before. Coronaviruses na broad family of viruses, but na only six di new one go make am seven na im expert know say don infect pipo.
World Health Organization bin don advise say make pipo avoid "unprotected" contact with live animals, and make dem cook meat and eggs well-well, plus avoid close contact with anyone wit cold or flu-like symptoms as way to protect demsef against COVID Both scientist for Nigeria and all ova di world don dey work togeda to find out di source of di virus and e be say dem neva still know di source. News Pidgin Plenti seshon. Broiler chicken dey cause Coronavirus? How Coronavirus dey spread and kill pipo Dr. Dem no support media player for your device. Go back on top. If a subject did not have an exam at 1 year then the last available exam that was not associated with an illness episode either Day or was used.
If the participant presented with a subsequent episode of malaria at any time during the one year of follow-up, the presence of parasites with the mutation pfCRT 76T was measured with filter paper specimens collected at the time of enrollment and with successful parasite DNA amplification using pyrosequencing. Subsequent to treatment, subjects were monitored for the occurrence of new and recrudescent malaria infections, which were distinguished by analysis of the infecting parasites using merozoite surface protein-2 polymorphic gene length variation.
Subsequent to treatment, participants who subsequently suffered new malaria episodes were monitored for the additional occurrence of new and recrudescent malaria infections, which were distinguished by analysis of the infecting parasites using merozoite surface protein-2 polymorphic gene length variation.
Participants are right-censored at the time of first malaria episode. Participants who did not develop malaria during follow-up or were lost to follow-up were censored at the time of their last visit. The distribution of these coordinates was analyzed for evidence of clustering, or occurring closer together than would be expected on the basis of chance.
Nearest Neighbor Index is a ratio of the observed mean distance over the expected mean distance. If the index is less than 1, the pattern exhibits clustering. If the index is greater than 1, the trend is toward dispersion.
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Compartmental population pharmacokinetic modeling was used due to highly sparse data. Only these primary population pharmacokinetic parameters could be estimated using the type of data collected. The best-fit population PK model was then used to estimate individual parameter estimates to derive Tmax and half-life. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. Subjects aged greater than or equal to 6 months to 5 years presenting to Ndirande Health Centre with signs or symptoms consistent with malaria including, but not limited to, one or more of the following:. Signs of severe malaria: One or more of the following:. Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the Data Element Definitions if submitting registration or results information.
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Search for terms x. COVID is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Save this study. Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies Chloroquine Alone or in Combination for Malaria in Children in Malawi The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.
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Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Results First Posted : July 27, Last Update Posted : August 11, Study Description. Malaria is a sickness caused by a germ that can get into a person's body when a mosquito bites them. It can cause fever, headache, body aches and weakness.
It can even cause death, especially in children. When malaria is treated with the appropriate medicine s , it can be cured completely. The purpose of this study is to find out if it is better to use chloroquine alone or in combination with another drug to most effectively treat malaria.
About children with malaria, aged 6 months to 5 years of age, from the Blantyre Malaria Project Research Clinic at the Ndirande Health Center in Malawi will be in the study. They will be treated with either chloroquine alone or a combination of chloroquine plus another medication azithromycin or artesunate or atovaquone-proguanil every time they get malaria for a year.
Blood samples will be collected and tested at least every 4 weeks. Participants will be involved in the study for 1 year. Detailed Description:.
Combination therapy is becoming the mainstay of malaria treatment. In general, the goal of combination therapy is to treat resistant infections successfully and to prevent the emergence and spread of resistance. The antimalarial combination therapies currently in use were not designed based on optimal pairing of drugs to deter the development and spread of parasite resistance to the individual partner drugs in settings of high malaria transmission. Careful studies are needed to identify the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of drug combinations that will deter resistance and prolong the useful therapeutic life of the next generation of antimalarial drug combinations.
Current in vivo methods for measuring antimalarial drug efficacy in high-transmission areas use a 14 or day follow-up period, but a single episode study misses several critical factors in assessing the efficacy and impact of antimalarial treatment.
When follow-up is extended beyond 28 days, more cases of apparent resistance or treatment failure are found. Single-episode studies cannot assess the impact of therapy on the incidence of malaria over time. These limitations of standard in vivo studies have led the investigators to advocate longitudinal studies of drug efficacy. In addition to measuring efficacy of individual treatments, longitudinal studies measure sustained efficacy with repeated use of the same regimen over time, a scenario that more accurately reflects the real-life use of anti-malarial medication.
The primary outcome of interest is the incidence of malaria episodes, as well as the secondary outcomes of anemia and severe malaria, are all highly relevant to public health policy-makers, as they reflect not only the burden of disease but also the utilization of health resources. Longitudinal studies also permit assessment of how pharmacokinetic properties of drugs affect the incidence of treatment episodes. This is a randomized, open-label, longitudinal drug efficacy trial.